Anna and Becky in Hawaii: Day 1

Yesterday, May 19,  was our first full day on Maui!  We took a few hours in the morning to settle in, and then spent the rest of the afternoon relaxing on the beach and exploring our side of the island!

We spent a few hours swimming around on Fleming Beach before moving on to see what else was in the area.  We met some chickens, took in the scenery, and even stopped for smoothies.  Here are some pictures from throughout the day:

Anna in Italy: Day 7

Today was our last full day in Italy, and we spent it on another all-day guided tour in Tuscany.

Our first stop was at Oliviera Sant’Angelo, a small olive oil mill in Crete Senesi.  Olive season is from October to early December, so unfortunately we couldn’t see the machines in action.  Instead, we got a walk-through of the building, and we had a chance to sample the various grades of olive oil that they produce.

Next, we visited Podere il Casale.  They are a small farm and restaurant that tries to be self-sufficient as much as possible.  This farm has a small herd of goats and sheep that they used to make cheese, including the Pecorino cheese that Tuscany is known for.  Lunch at the farm included a salad right from the garden, pasta made with wheat from their fields, and a sample of their cheeses.  It was all really delicious!

The last stop was in Pienza, a town in the mountains overlooking the farm.  Our tour guide grew up just outside this town, so he was pretty excited at getting to show us around!  Not only did we get to look around the town cathedral, but we also saw a palace owned by Pope Pius II.  We had some time to wander the streets before our guide dropped off back at our hotel.

Anna in Italy: Day 6

We were back in Florence today, this time for a walking tour of the city.

Our first stop was at the Gallery of the Academy of Florence.  This art museum is best known as the home of Michelangelo‘s David sculpture, but they also contain several of his unfinished sculptures and some other Renaissance paintings.  The David sculpture was initially constructed to sit in front one of the palaces in Florence, but it was relocated in 1873 and replaced with a replica.

Our second stop was a tour of the Florence Cathedral, called the “duomo” by the locals.  This cathedral was started in 1294, but it took until 1436 before somebody figured out how to build the giant dome.  Our tour group took a walk through the main floor, and the tour guide mostly focused on its construction, artwork, and use as a meeting place for non-religious events.

Our last stop was to the Uffizi, one of the largest art museums in the entire world.  Its collection includes paintings from artists such as Michelangelo, Botticelli, Raphael, and Leonardo da Vinci.  We walked through almost the entire art museum and learned some of the history of the various paintings and exhibits.

Here are some of my photos from throughout the tour:

Anna in Italy: Day 5

Today was wine tour day!  We went to three wineries in the Chianti region, and sampled a total of thirteen wines throughout the day.

Our first stop was at Castello di Radda, a fairly new winery that has been operating since 2009.  We toured their facilities, and then tried five of their wines.

Our next stop was for lunch in Volpaia, a city that was built in the 10th century along the Florence and Sienna border.  We didn’t tour any wineries there, but we did get to try one wine made in the city.

Our third stop was in Castello di Brolio, the second oldest winery in the world and the place where Chianti wine was invented.  We had a tour of the grounds and learned the history of the castle before moving on to the wine tasting.  They had three wines to sample, all either Chianti or Supertuscans.

Our final stop was Cantalici.  This winery was converted from a 6th century kiln, and uses organic wine making techniques.  We had a tour of the grounds before trying  four of the wines and some of their olive oil.

Here are some pictures from throughout the day:


Anna in Italy: Day 4

Today we drove into Arezzo, the capital city of the Arezzo province in Tuscany.  This town was built in the mountains by the Etruscan civilization around the 6th century BCE.  It was conquered by the Romans around 311 BCE, and became a home for retired Roman soldiers.

Our first stop was at the Arezzo Archaeological Museum, which was built directly into the ruins of the old Roman amphitheater.  This museum contained artifacts found in the area dating back to the Roman times, including the tools used to mass-produce the iconic clay vases.

After the museum we toured the Basilica of San Francesco, a church that began construction around 1290 CE.  This church is best known for housing frescoes depicting the Legend of the True Cross.  The basement of this church contained an exhibition hall, currently showing stereoscopic pictures from the late 1800s.

Here are my pictures from throughout the day:

Anna in Italy: Days 2 and 3

Most places are closed in Italy on Sundays, so yesterday was mostly a rest day.  We took some time to explore our resort, find the nearest train station, and wander around the closest town.

Today we took a guided tour to Cortona and Assisi. Cortona is towards the top of a mountain, and was where the movie Under the Tuscan Sun was filmed.  We used some of our time there to admire the view.  By the time we went through a small museum and some shops our time was up and we had to get on the bus to move on.

Assisi is best known as the birthplace as both Saint Francis and Saint Claire.  We had lunch shortly after arriving, and then had the chance to tour their basilicas.  Unfortunately, we weren’t allowed to take pictures in either basilica.  On our way out of town we saw the basilica of Saint Mary, a church built around a much smaller church that Saint Francis had reconstructed.

Here are some pictures from the last few days:

Anna in Italy: Day 1

I arrived in Italy mid-afternoon on May 26th with my parents, but we were too tired to do much besides walk around a bit and find pizza.  Yesterday was our first full day in the country, and we took a Segway tour of Florence to give us a chance to see as much of the city as possible in a short amount of time.  Here are some photos from throughout day:

Colby Jack Cheese

Colby Jack is a semi-hard cheese with a marbled look that is created by combining curds from Colby and Monterey Jack cheeses.  I think the most challenging part of this cheese is running two cheeses in parallel and hoping that they both finish at the same time.  If you decide to make this cheese, I recommend trying Colby and Monterey Jack individually and taking notes to help get the timing down.

Here are my notes from this cheese, along with a few pictures I took during the make:

My notes from this make. I’ll refer to this page for timing information the next time I make a Colby Jack cheese

An Experiment in Cider Pressing

I learned how to work a cider press at a hard cider workshop I attended on Sunday.  Fresh pressed apple cider is really good, and I found myself researching fruit presses to see if I could press apples at home on a small-scale.  Unfortunately, presses designed for making just a cup or two of juice at a time don’t seem to exist.  So I started to wonder if I could improvise something with the equipment I have for cheesemaking.


This experiment is to answering the following questions:

  1. Is it possible to use my cheese press to make fresh cider?  Hypothesis:  Yes.  A cider press and a cheese press have different purposes, but the mechanics should be similar.
  2. Is it practical to use my cheese press to make fresh cider?  Hypothesis:  Maybe.  A cider press is able to squeeze a decent amount of juice out of the apples, but it might be both faster and cheaper to buy a half-gallon of cider from the grocery store.

The first step in cider making is to grind apples into a pulp.  I don’t have a fruit grinder, so I decided to roughly chopped the apples instead.  My plan was to press the apples similar to how I press a cheese:  Add the apple chunks to a mold, add weight, and let everything sit until juice comes out.


I gradually added weight to the cheese press, but I wasn’t able to get any juice even at 100 pounds of pressure.  Chopping the apples into smaller pieces helped, but I still wasn’t able to get more than a quarter cup of juice.  I eventually discovered that pumping the press worked better than letting it sit undisturbed.

Pressing juice from apples
Pressing juice from apples
  1. Is it possible to use my cheese press to make fresh cider?  Yes, it’s definitely possible.  In the end, I was able to press out a little more than two cups of juice from the apples
    Fresh pressed apple cider!
    Fresh pressed apple cider!

    I used.  Pumping the press works better than letting it sit under pressure.

  2. Is it practical to use my cheese press to make fresh cider?  No.  This was a lot of work for only two cups of juice, and it took up most of my evening yesterday.
Further Experimentation

I have a few ideas for what I could do differently next time:

  • Use a food processor to chop the apples.  Chopping by hand is tedious and messy, so automating this step should get me to the pressing step faster and with a better pulp.
  • Use a different style cheese press.  My lever-arm press works with up to 100 pounds of pressure, and it’s possible that this simply isn’t enough to get a drinkable amount of juice in a short amount of time.  A screw-style press might work better.

Asiago Pepato (Part 2)

I was asked to make a few cheeses for a wedding coming up in October.  Here is the first cheese, an Asiago Pepato.  I started with a two gallon batch for practice, and to work out any bugs in my process.  Then I scaled up the recipe to make a 4 gallon batch.

The smaller cheese has a single layer of peppercorns in the middle.  I didn’t think this would be enough for the larger cheese, so I decided to use two layers of peppercorns instead.

The photo below shows a side-by-side view of both cheeses.

2 and 4 gallon Asiago Pepato
2 and 4 gallon Asiago Pepato

Asiago Pepato (Part 1)

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